Structure of the Local Economy
The Municipal local economy is composed of agriculture, manufacturing, quarrying and commerce, informal small-scale businesses, marketing, finance and tourism.
Agriculture is the main economic activity in terms of employment and rural income generation in the Municipality as it engages 82% of the working population. Agricultural activities are grouped into three namely livestock farming (83.2%), food cropping (96.1%), tree farming (0.3%) and fish farming (0.3%). The major food crops and vegetables produced are maize, rice, millet, beans, groundnuts and Sorghum, tomato, pepper and onions.
The main animals reared are cattle, goats, sheep, poultry, Guinea fowl, Duck and pigs. Other animals reared are Beehives, Fish, Grass-cutter, Dove, Turkey, Ostrich Rabbit and Silk worm. The Municipality have 359,052 animals and 4,905 people who rear animals.
Small Scale Manufacturing Industry
The Municipality have small-scale manufacturing industries which engages 8.8% of the working population. These industries are into the production of sachet water, honey, yoghurt, bread and other food products; agro-processing of cotton, groundnuts etc.; shea-butter extraction, pito brewing, milling or grinding of millet for domestic use, rice and dawadawa processing, weaving and dressmaking, pottery, rice milling and soap making and fabrication basic farm equipments such as hoes and bullock ploughs.
These industries provide revenue, income and employment opportunities for skilled and non-skilled residents of the Municipality. There is the need to invest more in the manufacturing industries. The Municipality has major potential in industrial and commercial activities including quarrying and solar power generation. This is greatly attributed to the availability of raw materials and a youthful workforce.
Trading and commercial activities revolves mainly around foodstuffs, semi-processed food and crafts. These commodities are sold in the local markets and outside the Municipality. Commodities traded in are foodstuffs, manufactured goods, livestock, and poultry. Approximately 95% of those engaged in these activities are women.
Quarrying and Extraction
The most common form of extraction are sand and clay mining. Extracted sand and clay are basically meant to satisfy domestic and other related informal needs such as construction of houses and other infrastructure, manufacturing and production of pottery and other artifacts. Although the Municipality abounds in rock-piles at Biu, Kologo and Naaga, these resources are left untouched. Quarry products could be used for construction activities in the Municipality and elsewhere.
Economically Active Population
Out of a total of 66,855 persons aged 15 years and older in the Municipality, 31,735 (47.5%) are males and 35,120 (52.5%) are females. Approximately 70.2% of the population aged 15 years and older are economically active while 29.8% are economically not active. Of the 70.2% economically active population, 97.0% are employed whiles 3.0% are unemployed. The Municipality has 29.8% of its population economically inactive.
Major Economic Sectors
The major economic sectors of the Municipality are Agriculture (65.4%); wholesale and retail, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (9.1%); manufacturing (8.8%); education (4.1%); accommodation and food service activities (2.6%) and construction (1.3%).
The main occupation in the Municipality are agriculture (66.72%), craft and related trades workers (10.84%) and service and sales workers (10.71%). The Municipality has virtually no sizeable manufacturing industries.