ICT Human Resource
Out of a total of 74,561 persons aged 12 years and older in the Municipality, 21,029 (28.2%) persons owned mobile phones. Of the male population aged 12 years and older, 34.8% owned a mobile phone. Also, of the female population aged 12 years and older, 22.1% owned a mobile phone.
The Municipality has 4.7% (3,496) of its population aged 12 years and older using internet facility. The proportion of males who use internet (7.5%) in the Municipality is three times more than the females (1.9%). The Municipality has 19,790 households, out of which 13,249 are male headed whiles 6,541 are female headed. The Municipality has 1% (205 households) of its households having a fixed telephone lines. The Municipality has 5.0% (981 households) of its households owning a laptop or a desktop computer. The Municipality has 3.1% of its female headed households owning a laptop or a desktop computer and 5.9% of its male headed households owning a laptop or a desktop computer.
The Municipality has a Community Information Center (CIC) and an ultra-modern ICT Center. The ultra-modern ICT Center is not in use as it has not commissioned. The Municipality’s Community Information Center has helped to bridge the digital divide between the rural and urban populace. ICT can transform how the Municipality is governed, how business operate, how people interact with departments of the Municipal Assembly and how they experience learning, culture, leisure, social networking and entertainment. Any investment in ICT results in in productivity, lower costs, new economic opportunities, job creation, innovation and increased trade.
Significant progress have been made in access to improved water sources. Though coverage is high access is a huge challenge as people have to walk long distances to point sources, and in the dry season some of these facilities dry up. The percentage population with sustainable access to safe water sources (coverage) all year round rose significantly from 50.18% in 2013 to 70.0% in 2016. With the expansion of the Navrongo Water System and the provision of 3 Small Town Water Systems at Pungu, Biu and Kologo; water coverage in the Municipality will increase.
Access to safe, resilient and sustainable water in the Municipality will accelerate sustainable development on multiple dimensions such as health, development, and the environment. This has increased water quality hence impacting health positively, reduced the time and personal risks involved in water collection. The Municipality have 85,656 people having with sustainable access to safe water sources. Water facilities are classified as improved (household connection, borehole, protected dug well and public standpipe) or unimproved water sources (rivers and unprotected well).
Environmental sanitation is an essential factor contributing to the health, productivity and welfare of the people. However, the current sanitation status leaves much to be desired. Sanitary facilities are woefully inadequate and most of them are located in the urban areas and the rest are sited at markets and schools. The few sanitary facilities are underutilized especially as majority of the people resort to free-range. Indiscriminate solid and liquid waste disposal is the order of the day. The drainage system is very poor with non-existing and broken drains.
Most households are without basic sanitation in both urban and rural areas. An improved sanitation facility is defined as one that hygienically separates human excreta from human contact. The proportion of the population with access to improved sanitation in the municipality increased from 12.5% in 2013 to 17% in 2016. The Municipality have 20,802 people having access to improved sanitation. Sanitation facilities are classified as improved (Kumasi ventilated improved pit latrine (KVIP), Ventilated improved pit latrine (VIP) and Water Closet) or unimproved (Open defecation). Efforts must be put in place arrest the poor sanitation in the Municipality as it could causes high incidence of communicable diseases
Existing Drainage and Sanitation Infrastructure
The Municipality has one (1) final disposal site, one (1) public cemetery, twenty-two (22) public toilets [three (3) under private management and nineteen (19) under Assembly management], eight (8) 10m3 refuse containers and seven hundred and forty-eight (748) 240L refuse containers. The Municipality has approximately 10 kilometers of drains located in the Municipal capital.
Method of Waste Disposal
In terms solid waste disposal, the various common method of disposal are public dump [open space (38.6%)]; burning of solid waste (20.2%); dependence on companies that collect waste from homes (11.8%) and indiscriminate dumping (17.4%). In terms of liquid waste disposal, the various methods of disposal are throwing liquid waste onto the street or outside houses (69.8%); throwing waste onto compounds (18.9%); through the sewerage system, drainage system into a gutter and drainage into a pit (soak away) (9%) and other methods of disposal of waste (0.4%).
According to the 2010 Population and Housing Census, four in every five (83.7%) households in the Municipality has no toilet facility. Approximately, 63.6% of households in urban and 91.8% rural localities are without toilet facilities and resort to the bush/beach/field. The other types of toilet facilities in the urban localities are W.C (11.7%), public toilet (11.3%), pit latrine (7.5%) and KVIP (4.9%). An efficient and hygienic method of human waste disposal available in a dwelling unit is a critical indicator of the sanitary condition of the unit and is an indirect measure of the socio-economic status of a household.
According to the 2010 Population and Housing Census, 42.6% of dwelling units have their household members exclusively using the bathroom, 15.0% of households share separate bathroom in the same house with other non-household members, 11.8% of households share an open cubicle as a bathroom with other households; 16.8% use open space around house for bathing and 10.9% use private open cubicle.